Recently I had a First Aid training which I passed successfully. Hurray! Now I am officially an employee Events First Aider working for my university. My main responsibilities are to preserve life, prevent the situation from worsening and promote recovery of all casualties. Of course, such an opportunity comes with great responsibility and legal accountability. Anyway, there are four main steps in first aid:
Step 1: DANGER? Is it safe for you to provide first aid? If everything is safe then you can provide first aid, however, if there is any risk for your health then remember that safety is your number one priority. For example, if the casualty is bleeding profusely you must put gloves on, otherwise, you put yourself at risk.
Step 2: RESPONSE? Shout and gently tap the shoulders of the casualty. Are they conscious?
Step 3: BREATHING? If someone is talking to you then they are obviously breathing, however, if there is no response you should open the airway by tilting the head back and lifting the chin. Look for chest movements, feel for warm air on your cheek and listen for breathing sounds for 10 seconds.
Step 4: PROBLEM? What’s the problem?
– Responsive, Breathing -> Find out what the injury is and treat the casualty appropriately. For example, if they have a broken wrist you should tell them not to move it, put an ice pack on it, and elevate it in a sling until an ambulance arrives.
– Unresponsive, Breathing -> Recovery position
– Unresponsive, NOT breathing -> CPR (chest compressions), and call an ambulance (999 or 112). Closest hospital to the University of East Anglia is the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital.